Generally speaking cannabis and all related products are classed as a schedule 1 drug, meaning they are illegal at the federal level. However, specific states have passed laws permitting the use of marijuana and CBD oil, with each state having its own laws on qualifying conditions. This means that if you live in a medical state and suffer from a debilitating condition, then you likely can obtain CBD oil or even cannabis flower.
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And now, onto the thorny issue of legality. The simple answer to the question is yes – if it is extracted from hemp. The 2014 Farm Bill established guidelines for growing hemp in the U.S. legally. This so-called  “industrial hemp” refers to both hemp and hemp products which come from cannabis plants with less than 0.3 percent THC and are grown by a state-licensed farmer.
Edibles begin with a raw or decarb oil as part of the base ingredients. They can be any number of things, from chocolate to hard candy, gummies, even teas and coffee. This is a way to “sneak” cannabinoids in a fun way and can be delicious (the Koi gummies are so good!) but they are not an extremely cost-effective way to allow cannabinoids to boost your overall health and well being on a daily basis.
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At a molecular level, CBD (short for cannabidiol) is CBD, regardless of which plant it comes from.  The only difference comes from the full extract that is taken from the plants.  Here’s what we mean:  Once the plants are harvested, the lab removes the nutrients, including CBD, from the plants in the form of a gooey extract.  This extract includes the CBD, but also so much more and this gooey extract is what goes into all the CBD products*.  There are actually many cannabinoids other than just cannabidiol (CBD).  Some are CBC, CBG, CBN and even THC.  THC is the compound found in marijuana that causes the “high” or psychotropic or euphoric effect.  As most of us know, marijuana naturally has a fairly high level of this compound.  Hemp naturally has a very low level, so low that no one reports any sort of high when using the extract from hemp.

When you are purchasing CBD Oil Products, you have two options: Full Spectrum CBD or Isolated (regular) CBD. Full Spectrum CBD, as Hemp Oil, contains every Cannabinoid present in the Hemp (Cannabis Sativa) plant. This means Cannabidiol, Cannabicyclol, Tetrahyrdocannabivarin, and Cannbichromevinaric acid, to name a few. In Full Spectrum CBD Oil, there is nothing held back or left out. On the other side CBD Isolate contains pure CBD compound, which has a more flexible legal status as well no taste, color or strong odor as Full Spectrum CBD Oil.
Hello! I do not have a response regarding what you should take, BUT want you to know I am exactly where you are! Three level lumbar fusion on 02/05/18, no staples thank goodness (they used glue), but am weaning myself off of pain meds ( I don’t like their side effects, as you stated). Weaning off the pain meds leaves me susceptible to flare ups when I do my PT or go for my daily walks three times a day. I surely hope someone answers the question you posed, as I would like to know! Wishing you the best of luck in your recovery! Stay strong!

I’ve been using this oil for about 9 months and love it. One dropper before bed and I sleep like a baby. I am a lucid dreamer and nothing I tried would get me through the night. At least nothing that wouldn’t make me super groggy the next day. This oil has changed my life. I’m more even-keeled and stress doesn’t get to me as it used to. If you were thinking about trying CBD for yourself, kids or dog, this is the stuff.


The first thing you need to know about selecting a CBD Oil product is that they can be made from extracts from either Hemp Plants or Marijuana Plants.  And, currently, those from marijuana plants are not legal in many states, nor can they be shipped across most state lines.  So, for Fully Legal CBD Oil products in ALL STATES, you want to be sure you’re selecting Hemp Based Products (note:  all Highland Pharms products are from Hemp).
CBD is extracted from Industrial Hemp Plants that contain Cannabinoids. You cannot experience any psychoactive effects “High or Stoned” with our products. They all contain less that .3% THC or 0% THC. Every major civilization in history has recognized hemp as #1 on its list of important plants. The ancient Chinese, Indians, Egyptians, Assyrians, Persians, Greeks and Romans all revered hemp as an incomparable source of food and medicine. Now modern science is validating what the ancients all knew — and uncovering exciting new discoveries about CBD. Recently (August 2017) FDA has declared CBD as “beneficial” and is asking now all users of CBD products for their input.

This product is not for use by or sale to persons under the age of 18. This product should be used only as directed on the label. It should not be used if you are pregnant or nursing. Consult with a physician before use if you have a serious medical condition or use prescription medications. A Doctor's advice should be sought before using this and any supplemental dietary product. All trademarks and copyrights are property of their respective owners and are not affiliated with nor do they endorse this product. These statements have not been evaluated by the FDA. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease. By using this site you agree to follow the Privacy Policy and all Terms & Conditions printed on this site. Void Where Prohibited By Law.
When you are purchasing CBD Oil Products, you have two options: Full Spectrum CBD or Isolated (regular) CBD. Full Spectrum CBD, as Hemp Oil, contains every Cannabinoid present in the Hemp (Cannabis Sativa) plant. This means Cannabidiol, Cannabicyclol, Tetrahyrdocannabivarin, and Cannbichromevinaric acid, to name a few. In Full Spectrum CBD Oil, there is nothing held back or left out. On the other side CBD Isolate contains pure CBD compound, which has a more flexible legal status as well no taste, color or strong odor as Full Spectrum CBD Oil.
So in regard to hemp CBD oil I bet you are thinking, “it’s less effective.” Well, let’s put a few things into perspective. First, it is certainly not going to blow you away and give you a buzzin’ high. In fact, it’s widely known that hemp-based CBD oil produces no psychoactive response whatsoever. Furthermore, it isn’t going to cure cancer, or “cure” any disease for that matter. It may, however, help with mild conditions such as pain, anxiety, and arthritis – if dosed correctly, in consultation with your doctor. Similar to most things in life, it is a matter of what works best for you; there are currently hundreds of CBD Oil brands on the market, and what might work for one person, might not work at all for another. The question is finding what works for you and if you do find it, it just might change your life around from head to toe.
And now, onto the thorny issue of legality. The simple answer to the question is yes – if it is extracted from hemp. The 2014 Farm Bill established guidelines for growing hemp in the U.S. legally. This so-called  “industrial hemp” refers to both hemp and hemp products which come from cannabis plants with less than 0.3 percent THC and are grown by a state-licensed farmer.
In fact, numerous studies have looked at the relationship between CBD and pain, and the results are promising. Researchers have looked at various kinds of pain – from joint pain to cancer pain. One finding is that CBD increases levels of glutamate and serotonin – both neurotransmitters that play a role in pain regulation. And CBD’s anti-inflammatory properties help by tackling the root cause of much chronic pain.
GMP stands for Good Manufacturing Practices, and it covers the practices required to ensure products are produced according to industry standards. The agencies that control the authorization and licensing of the manufacture and sale of these products provide guidelines, and the manufacturer must adhere to these guidelines to make sure their products remain consistent and of high quality from batch to batch.
Manufacturers are free to sell what they consider as the best form of hemp oil CBD extract. This being the case, there are a lot of companies taking advantage of the CBD oil demand thus are making products that don’t contain enough or any CBD at all. All they care about is making profits by sourcing the cheapest CBD oils they can find on the market.

Correct Answer: Each batch of flower AND finished product should be tested by a state certified testing facility for potency, legality and safety. These test results should also be made available to any patient that requests them. These tests should certify 3 things: the amount of CBD contained in the product, the amount of THC in the product (the starting hemp plant material must test below 0.3%), and the lack of mold or toxic pesticides.
Disclaimer: This product is not for use by or sale to persons under the age of 18. This product should be used only as directed on the label. It should not be used if you are pregnant or nursing. Consult with a physician before use if you have a serious medical condition or use prescription medications. A Doctor's advice should be sought before using this and any supplemental dietary product. All trademarks and copyrights are property of their respective owners and are not affiliated with nor do they endorse this product. These statements have not been evaluated by the FDA. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease. Individual weight loss results will vary. By using this site, you agree to follow the Privacy Policy and all Terms & Conditions printed on this site. Void Where Prohibited by Law.
Of course, that data has to be displayed someplace that’s easy for consumers to find. Trustworthy CBD retailers are transparent with their ingredients and test results not just online, but on their products as well. Clear and accurate labeling is key, as it ensures customers never have to wonder what’s in the bottle of CBD oil they ordered—they can always find out at a glance.

So, now we’ve covered the difference between marijuana and hemp products, along with the brief discussion on CBD vs THC.  We’ve covered how to decide how much to buy.  And, we’ve covered how to determine which product type is best for you.  (If you’d like to read more very helpful information, please view our Frequently Asked Questions by clicking the button further down the page.)  Below are a few key points about Highland Pharms to wrap up our discussion:
I would recommend always going with a full spectrum oil. Some people say to use nothing but pure 100% CBD, but if you do a little research you’ll see that most doctors will say that the full-spectrum products with terpenes etc are much more potent and effective. I would only use the CBD isolate if I was concerned about an upcoming drug test (full spectrum has trace amounts of THC in it)
It’s a truism to state that pain is an inevitable part of life. And it’s true that we all, from time to time, experience pain that is short-lived and treatable. But those who deal with chronic pain know the debilitating, life-sucking reality of this condition. And traditional medications often come with long lists of side effects which can be as debilitating as the pain itself.
Finally, in general, we almost always recommend full spectrum tinctures over supplements made from isolates (extracts of CBD alone). Full-spectrum or whole plant tinctures take advantage of the ‘entourage effect’ that comes from combining all the naturally occurring chemicals found in the hemp plant. Isolates are great for cooking with CBD or consumers that are especially sensitive to the taste of hemp extract, but some research suggests they may be less effective for certain uses than full spectrum extracts. All but two of the brands below are made from full spectrum hemp, and the exceptions are clearly noted.
In addition to assisting with internal health and well being, cannabinoids are used for skin care as well. The raw oils can be used directly on the skin, but there are specifically formulated topicals that use carrier compounds and ingredients that will allow the cannabinoids to soak into the skin more quickly and they may add a great scent or smoother texture.
“The need for enhanced bioavailability of the CBD phytonutrient is paramount”, adds Moriarity, “but tricky to accomplish without synthetic chemicals.” Most CBD products do not offer any bioavailability optimization, so 90 percent of the CBD is lost to first-pass effect, a phenomenon of drug metabolism whereby the concentration of a drug is greatly reduced before it reaches systemic circulation.
“Barely in its infancy, the CBD medical market is still largely unregulated; quality control is meager at best, and consumers are largely unaware what to look for when shopping …,” explains Carlos Frias of the Texas Wellness Center. Frias, who has been with the cannabis industry for more than 15 years, has seen, firsthand, the shadiness that exists in the CBD market.

When buying industrial hemp CBD, i.e. everything you see outside of a state-licensed dispensary, all bets are off. Because the legality of industrial hemp is in flux, companies that use hemp CBD operate in a gray market with no oversight. Nick Mosely, Chief Science Officer of a testing lab in Washington explained that “everything currently on the market for interstate CBD sales is unregulated.” And product labels can be wildly different from what's actually contained in the product. Multiple studies of CBD oil sold online have repeatedly exposed brands that misrepresent purity and CBD dosage levels.

While THC affects your brain’s endocannabinoid receptors (resulting in the high), CBD does not attach directly to the receptors. Instead, it influences your body into using its own natural supply of cannabinoids more effectively. That is to say, it can inhibit or activate compounds in the ECS, which in turn can impact the amount of pain you feel or limit inflammation in the brain and nervous system.
Unregulated markets come with some obvious risks; lack of oversight, false claims, the potential for dangerous pesticides and contaminants. Cannabis, in states where it’s legal, is regulated. Sold in state-licensed stores (akin to states controlling liquor stores, except with higher taxes and much stricter regulations) aka dispensaries, you can be confident that the CBD-dominant cannabis tinctures, topicals, vapes, and edibles on shelves are accountable to purity and accuracy tests.
Dogs and cats are known for their powerful sense of smell. They typically don’t like having something new added to their food, making supplementing their diets to ease health issues challenging. However, CBD products for pets take that challenge into account. Developed by dedicated veterinarians, they’ve been designed to pass the taste and smell test.
CO2 extraction is one of the most common ways CBD is extracted from the hemp or cannabis plants. This method uses expensive equipment that adjusts temperature and pressure to extract the cannabinoids from the plant material, without damaging them. The other common method is to use solvents like ethanol or butane to extract the plant material. These solvents have to be burned off the final product which may damage the cannabinoids or terpenes in the process. There is also a risk that these solvents may not have burned off completely and could end up in your end product.
• Filtered (Gold) – This is the most processed of the oil extracts. The plant matter is all filtered out, leaving behind a stronger cannabinoid concentration. This oil is more of a gel texture and will be gold in color with a slightly peppery taste. The serving size will once again be 1-2 grains of rice sized servings per day, or as directed by your physician.

We also rated the product based on the type of CBD they used: isolate, full-spectrum decarb, broad-spectrum, or distillate. There’s a lot of debate around what is actually best, but our first decision was to give points to CBD oil that contains a range of cannabinoids. While there are certainly people with good reasons for choosing an isolate, there’s a lot of good evidence that CBD works better in combination with other cannabinoids (this is called the “entourage effect”).


Many users of CBD oil have reported a number of benefits to adding the supplement to their daily lives. From experiencing feelings of calm and relaxation to assisting in the relief of some symptoms associated with chronic illness, anxiety, and inflammation, CBD oil is certainly earning its fast-growing reputation as a powerful support for wellness.
Research on CBD and anxiety has generally looked at cannabis as a whole product, not as CBD as a standalone compound. Some studies suggest that it can help with anxiety: like this 2011 study that suggests CBDcan reduce social anxiety or this 2015 review that says CBD could be promising for many forms of anxiety. It’s also important to consider whether the CBD comes from the cannabis plant and therefore may include THC, a cannabinoid that for some, induces anxiety. Read our comprehensive article on CBD and anxiety, here.
With no regulations when it comes to the distribution of CBD hemp-based products, you can never be sure what you are purchasing. This leaves consumers exposed to the side effects of impure hemp oil CBD. Despite these challenges, it is possible to buy the right CBD oil in the market. Several reputable companies have risen to offer reliable, safe and potent CBD products to the market. Read reviews of the top selling CBD oils on our site to get an understanding of what makes them unique in this rapidly growing market so you can make an informed decision. Our goal is to bring CBD to the people while helping them make better decisions every day. You can count on us to provide CBD reviews you can trust. Keep in mind that we recommend only the best CBD brands on the market.
Filtered oil has been through the most processing. Generally, filtered oil has been decarboxylated and then even further refined by filtering out the phytochemicals and plant materials. This makes the oil gold in color which is often considered the highest quality compared to raw or decarboxylated oil. Filtered oil is commonly referred to as “gold” CBD oil and is very popular among consumers. It also tends to be the most expensive, but this isn’t always the case.
Been using CBD for the past 2 years. I’ve tried quite a few of them. There are only a handful of reputable brands on the market like CW, Purekana and a few others. I can’t remember their names. I recently tried the fourth one on this list, premiumjane. Good stuff and helps with the pain I get in my shoulder. Would recommend it for acute pain. I am not sure if it would work for more serious problems. Anyone else?
Pesticides, mold, and other contaminants are obviously substances you don’t want to be mainlining into your body, but properly dosed CBD is also crucial. That’s because your body’s response to CBD dosage is bell-curved. Too little and you won’t feel anything; too much and it’ll dampen the impact with reported side effects like lethargy and diarrhea (not chill). Given the lack of research into dosage and the variety of ailments CBD is used for, most people have to find their own “Goldilocks Zone.”
Mary's Nutritionals pioneered the first CBD transdermal patch, after using this technology with great success in their Medicinals line of marijuana based products, that have been available in certain NW legal states for many years now.  Mary's is an established name, now bringing to market high quality cannabis oil products sourced from domestic Colorado grown hemp.

Every CBD product should make third-party lab results available, either online, in their packaging, or by request. At minimum, each tincture here offers lab results showing the levels of cannabinoids like CBD and THC, while others offer additional tests. The more information available to consumers the better. At the same time, we admit it isn’t always easy for newcomers to interpret these lab tests.


While this is just an example of some of CBD oil’s list of benefits, the key things to note are the words CAN and HELP. CBD oil will not cure cancer, take away all pain, rid you of depression, or out-and-out remove your debilitating condition. The sooner you understand this, the better your expectations will be. For some potential CBD oil users the promise of something that will fix all their long-term sufferings can mean everything, so it is vital that all users know the limits of CBD oil.
CBD (Cannabidiol) is a naturally occurring compound found in the hemp plant (Cannabis Sativa). NuLeaf Naturals firmly believes that our organic CBD oil may improve the lives of individuals suffering from certain mental and physical ailments. The best of today’s science is on our side. A nonprofit called Project CBD has examined a wealth of peer-reviewed scientific research and concluded that cannabis oil may be therapeutic for individuals with conditions such as:
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